Black Cottonwood (Populus Nigra) This type of cottonwood tree is native to Europe but has spread to various other parts of the world including Asia, Africa and different areas in the US, particularly those in the west. In June the ripe catkins suddenly burst open and spill fluffy white seeds into the air. These trees grow quickly, but they have shallow roots and are usually short-lived. The 50 state trees usually are chosen for historical reasons or the state’s local timber economy. Leave stubs of about one-quarter inch. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves.A hybrid between this and Eurasian black poplar (P. nigra) is P. canadensis. One year I found a beaver-downed tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours. stream 0000053853 00000 n A hybrid between this and Eurasian black poplar (P. nigra) is P. canadensis. The trees also served as trail markers and meeting places for both Native Americans and early European settlers. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). I love hiking, my kids, and nature. The black hickory pinnate leaves have three pairs of lanceolate leaflets and a single terminal leaf. Pulp made from cottonwood yields high-grade book and magazine paper, however. One year I found a beaver-downed tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours. There do not tend to be thick groves of them, but just one or two tall trees reaching high above the surrounding vegetation. Cottonwood (Poplar) The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. Cottonwoods need a location with full sun and lots of moisture. Mature trees can be as tall as 120 feet. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). Interesting Eastern cottonwood Facts: Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). An example of cottonwood seed snow. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. Seed dispersal follows flowering by about 2 months in southern populations and a somewhat shorter period in the North. This plant has no children Legal Status. Prune for proper growth while the tree is a young sapling. Kansas State Tree: Cottonwood Facts. Maybe it has something to do with their age or size, but whatever the reason I love it. Flowers: Catkins, male-female on separate trees. … The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Black cottonwood cotton-like fluff and caterpillar-chewed leaves. The cottonwood leaf beetle is 1/4-inch long. Brayshaw Show All Show Tabs black cottonwood The elm leaf beetle is especially prolific. The element will gradually work its way down to the tree’s roots. These common trees of the Rocky Mountains can grow very tall and broad. It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. Populus balsamifera L. ssp. Black cottonwood cotton-like fluff. Click here to learn more about this tree. Black cottonwood bark old and young trunks. Black cottonwood trees become stunning in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright yellow color. Growth: Black Cottonwood grows very fast, several feet each year. The bark is deeply furrowed. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. The trees prefer sandy or silty soil, but will tolerate most anything but heavy clay. Cottonwood Trees seed every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall. Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft 3 (385 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.31, .38. It stretches across every single one of Canada's provinces and three territories. Slime flux is also called wetwood. The light weight, good nailing characteristics, and light color of the lumber are ideal for manufacture of pallets, boxes, and crates. Many homeowners looking for large shade trees opt to plant cottonwood (Populus deltoides), which can live 100 years and grow more than 65 feet tall. The world's largest cottonwood tree plantation is in Issaquena County, Mississippi. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. trichocarpa (Torr. Next, pour the alcohol over the buds. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunshine Point. In the spring female trees release fluffy white seeds that drift on the wind. For more swamp cottonwood information, this article will help. The eastern, black, and swamp cottonwood species grow in most parts of the east United States. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. For such a common tree, it has little to no recognition when it comes to its hardiness. Cottonwood trees are the fastest growing trees in North America. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a leaf size of 2-2.5 inches in length and width. They grow particularly well along lakes and rivers as well as in marshy areas. The canopy of a mature tree spreads about 75 feet wide (23 m.), and the diameter of the trunk averages about 6 feet (2 m.) at maturity. Flowers: Catkins, male-female on separate trees. Black hickories are small, slow-growing trees that reach about 50 ft. (15 m) in height. Black Cottonwood needs ample moisture and nutrients to grow successfully to full height and are found in the Western provinces and the Yukon with BC being its heartland. The larvae burrow into the phloem which can severely damage young or stressed trees. Only the black cottonwood is commercially valuable and is useful as paper pulp, firewood and veneer for plywood. The wood is often used to make pallets, crates and boxes. Cottonwood is one of the poorest wood fuels; it does not dry well, and rots … Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Hickory trees belong to the walnut family (Juglandaceae) and are in the plant genus Carya. As with most trees, there are several different species of cottonwood trees. They are also known to work well in the manufacture of particleboards. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. They can grow to 100 feet tall and 100 feet wide. Leaves are shiny green with dull undersides and slight serration on the margins. Gray ex Hook.) Trees Live Here. This rapid growth leads to weak wood that is easily damaged. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Because of their soft wood, cottonwood branches can develop significant wounds that provide entry points for disease from rubbing. I receive a tiny percent of any purchases you make through these links. The wood resembles the willow and is always mistaken for basswood, yellow poplar, tupelo, and buckeye, among other soft woods. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Cottonwood generously gives up its branches and, as a result, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years. They tend to grow along waterways (rivers and streams) or near water at lower elevations. Swamp cottonwood – also referred to as river cottonwood; Black cottonwood; Cottonwood trees have multiple uses, including the production of pulpwood, lumber, and veneer. under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The seeds look like fluffy white cotton. They stabilize river banks and provide shade. This giant black cottonwood stands near the site of the Willamette Mission established by Reverend Jason Lee in 1834. Members of the Poplar family, cottonwoods were important to Native Americans who used all parts of the tree. Fire damage to trunks varied from "slight bark charring to complete trunk incineration." For a couple of weeks in summer the seeds float on the air and can cover the ground in what almost looks like a blanket of snow. Cottonwood generously gives up its branches and, as a result, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. By Jackie Carroll. This simply means that the bark is not smooth, but has lots of deep cracks or ravines that usually run vertically. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. The bark of an older cottonwood tree is deeply furrowed. The bark is deeply furrowed. Tree Size: 80-150 ft (25-45 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter. The leaves are heart shaped with wavy-toothed edges. A member of the birch family, swamp cottonwood is also known as black cottonwood, river cottonwood, downy poplar and swamp poplar. What Gender Is Cottonless Cottonwood?. Male cottonwood trees don’t produce seeds. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Cottonwood bark is often a favorite medium for artisans. Black cottonwood also has been planted as windbreaks and shelterbelts and it is commonly used for screening along motorways in Europe. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. There was one huge cottonwood tree in a grassy area that was seeding. These offer the best conditions for growing these deciduous trees. Usually, most cottonwood species of tree leaves have pronounced tooth edging whereas black poplars are almost smooth-edged. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. Conservation: Black cottonwood is a very fast-growing and potentially large tree, easy to establish, and useful for shade and ornament. Cottonwood bark is often a favorite medium for artisans. The bark of an older cottonwood tree is deeply furrowed. Photo via Flickr. As garden plants have benefits and other uses, allergy is also a major drawback of plants for some people. Black Cottonwood is the largest and tallest of the North American poplars. In spring, female trees produce tiny, red blooms that are followed by masses of seeds with a cottony covering. Usage Requirements. Twigs and buds are food for deer, moose, and elk. On a summer day a single cottonwood tree can fill the air with a blizzard of seeds that look like snow. Eastern cottonwood is the key species in the Cottonwood Type of forest classification as used by the Society of American Foresters, and it grows chief-ly in pure stands or in mixture with black willow. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. That supply lasted me for several years. Fun Facts About Cottonwood Trees. The tree is an asset in wildlife areas where their hollow trunk serves as shelter while the twigs and bark provide food. Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. They are similar in appearance to the leaves of an Aspen tree, but they are much larger. The leaves are a food source for insects in the water, the insects are then eaten by salmon and trout. Black hickory trees have dark-colored bark with diamond-shaped ridges and a smoother look than shagbark hickories. List of State Trees from Love to Know Homeschool 50 States Tree List with links to descriptions and facts. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. Beavers eat the bark and use stems for dams and woodpeckers nest in old trees. Cottonwood trees produce male and female parts on separate trees. Cottonwood Tree Trivia. Here are some fun facts about these magnificent trees. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. Cottonwoods are susceptible to a number of different diseases and insect infestations. That supply lasted me for several years. ... & A. I've brought those together here in my blog where I share fun nature facts, some of our adventures, and give hiking tips. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. They are hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 through 9. Every gardener must at least have the slightest clue about the plants he wants to plant in his garden. Allergic reactions of Eastern Cottonwood are Hay fever, Headache, Runny nose and sneezing whereas of Black Maple have Pollen respectively. owen's valley's awesome autumn (pg) - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. These common trees of the Rocky Mountains can grow very tall and broad. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Cottonwood Varieties. I have a fond memory of hanging out inside of Zion National Park with my kids when they were still tiny. Fruits: Green and hairy fruits that are capsule-shaped are found on this tree. Bark: Yellowish-green and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity. Signs of an infestation include shoots that turn black, shrivel and then die. “The Clone Giants” Melissa Petruzzello of Encyclopædia Britannica explores two of the largest organisms on Earth and the asexual reproductive strategies that have facilitated their remarkable growth. They stabilize river banks and provide shade. Scientific Name: Populus trichocarpa. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. The western balsam poplar, also called black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa), grows some 60 metres (195 feet) tall and is one of the largest deciduous trees of northwestern North America. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. Seed dispersal occurs from May through mid-July in the South and June through mid-July in the North. We ran around and played with the fluffy cotton for a long time. The beetle can completely defoliate a cottonwood tree. Black cottonwood tree - Populus trichocarpa. If you already have a cottonwood tree in the landscape, pruning may be necessary to control its growth. These help me out by allowing me to make a living and write this blog. Figure 3–Eastern cottonwood, the fastest growing native tree in North America. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Distribution: Black Cottonwood is found from coastal Alaska to the mountains of California, with some growing as far south as northwest Mexico. Cottonwood Trees seed every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall. Interesting Facts about Cottonwood Trees. In fact, in a lot of areas along the amazing rivers of Utah these trees provide much sought after relief from the intense summer sun. Black Cottonwood leaves may also have an ovate shape and the leaves of mature trees may show a light rust color on the side facing the ground. Sweet sprouts and inner bark were a food source for both humans and animals. A cottonwood tree along the Colorado River. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. &amp;amp;lt;br /&amp;amp;gt;&amp;lt;br /&amp;gt;&lt;br /&gt;<br />
. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … One of the special things about these trees are the seeds. In addition, their massive size makes them out of scale for all but the largest landscapes. The bark, which is usually harvested in the fall after a tree's death, is generally very soft and easy to carve. The leaves may be triangular or ovate in shape, with a fine serration on the borders. Black Cottonwood Populus balsamifera subspecies trichocarpa Plant type Deciduous tree Size 30′ – 100’x25′ – 30′ Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. Black Cottonwood needs ample moisture and nutrients to grow successfully to full height and are found in the Western provinces and the Yukon with BC being its heartland. The best time to prune cottonwoods is late winter while the tree is dormant. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes … February 7, 2006. The trees can grow to well over 100 feet tall (30 m.), with eastern species sometimes reaching 190 feet (59 m.). Leaf Beetles. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 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Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera) Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata) Black Poplar (Populus nigra) European Aspen (Populus tremula) the famous shoe tree on highway 50, the loneliest road in america, in brilliant fall color. under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. Cottonwood Tree Pictures category has many photos of Cottonwood Trees, facts on the Cottonwood Tree species, we have lots of pictures of Cottonwood Trees Black cottonwood trees are important for stream habitats. Photo via Flickr. Black Cottonwood Populus balsamifera subspecies trichocarpa Plant type Deciduous tree Size 30′ – 100’x25′ – 30′ Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a leaf size of 2-2.5 inches in length and width. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. Populus nigra, the black poplar, is a species of cottonwood poplar, the type species of section Aigeiros of the genus Populus, native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. 5 & A. Hickory trees grow to between 60 and 80 ft. (18 – 24 m) tall with a spread of up to 40 ft. (12 m). Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) Common Name(s): Black Cottonwood. My secret reason for doing this is that I want more people to become nature addicts like me. These messy trees have weak wood and are prone to disease. It’s easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds. As lumber, cottonwood trees tend to warp and shrink, and the wood doesn’t have an attractive grain. Some male cultivars are available to homeowners, and hybrid poplar, also called Carolina poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus nigra) is also cottonless. The black poplar is a medium- to large-sized deciduous tree, reaching 20–30 m, and rarely 40 m tall. Compare Eastern Cottonwood and Black Maple as they differ in many characteristics such as their life, care, benefits, facts, etc. Black cottonwood trees are important for stream habitats. Brayshaw – black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Mature trees can be as tall as 120 feet. Their rapid growth makes them well-suited to use as a windbreak tree. Cottonwood trees are a member of the poplar family. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. Bark is smooth and yellow-green in young trees. Jakes Nature Blog is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program. Wipe them down with a cloth saturated with alcohol or a disinfectant cleaner, or dip them in boiling water. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Seeds may be carried several hundred feet by the wind, aided by the "cotton" attached to the seed. I have very strong memories of cottonwood trees because I have come across them a lot in my explorations of Utah and the Rockies. Planting cottonwood trees in home landscapes leads to problems. The cotton-covered seeds create a significant litter problem. The leaves are a food source for insects in the water. Named after its white, fluffy seeds with cottony hairs, this hardy tree produces sticky, fragrant buds and has a straight growth habit. Balsamifera means balsam (aromatic resin)-bearing. Always use clean pruners when pruning cottonwoods. We disclose material relationships and share honest opinions. Black Cottonwood is the largest and tallest of the North American poplars. All cottonwoods observed were girdled by the fires. Add limestone or sulfur pellets onto the soil for a black cottonwood if the soil is overly alkaline. Sign up for our newsletter. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. The diverse poplar family includes the quaking aspen, which boasts the widest range of any North American tree, and the Plains cottonwood, which was the only tree many early settlers met as they forged westward through America's prairies. Seed are covered with cotton fibers which facilitate dispersal by wind. For me Cottonwood trees definitely fall into that category of tree that possess that special quality. Cottonwood trees usually have good seed crops. This giant black cottonwood stands near the site of the Willamette Mission established by Reverend Jason Lee in 1834. Especially its tolerance and almost preferred taste of harsh environments. For best development it requires abundant moisture, nutrients, and oxygen, com- bined with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. TRADITIONAL USES BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLES . Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Black cottonwood, the largest hard-wood tree in the Pacific Northwest, grows mostly in bottom lands, river bars, forest meadows, and streambanks on a variety of soils ranging from moist gravels and sands to rich humus and occasionally clay. Black cottonwood, narrowleaf cottonwood, plains cottonwood, and hybrids among them dominated these riparian areas. Twigs and buds are food for deer, moose, and elk. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Using long-handled pruners, make the cuts close to the trunk, cutting at an angle that slants down and away from the tree. The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer breeze, giving the tree its common name of Cottonwood. The black spruce is an iconic tree in the Boreal zone. Interesting Eastern cottonwood Facts: Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). Description. It’s easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds. If you buy a home with a cottonwood tree, it's wise to have it inspected by a certified arborist, who can assess the tree's health and prune — or remove — as needed. It is a large tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) and a trunk diameter over 2 m (6.6 ft), which makes it the largest poplar species in the Americas. It reaches from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. Distribution: Northwestern North America. The great flood of 1861 changed the river course to its present channel, leaving what is now Mission Lake. Compare the facts of Eastern Cottonwood vs Black Maple and know which one to choose. At that time, the Mission and tree were located on the banks of the Willamette River. Populus nigra, which usually goes by the name of black cottonwood or black poplar, is a large deciduous tree. Named after its white, fluffy seeds with cottony hairs, this hardy tree produces sticky, fragrant buds and has a straight growth habit. At that time, the Mission and tree were located on the banks of the Willamette River. This conifer also spreads through Russia, parts of Europe, and Scandinavia. Cottonwoods provide excellent shade in lakeside parks or marshy areas. The wood is light colored and light in weight; it is diffuse-porous (indistinct growth rings), with a fine, even texture. m ; oLe b Ͼ Ͻ ,5H( A pXC! Hickory trees have ridged, gray flakey bark, leaves with serrated edges, and egg-shaped nuts. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). The black poplar, or black cottonwood (P. nigra), has oval fine-toothed leaves, is long-trunked, and grows to a height of 35 metres (115 feet). Primary products include particle board, plywood, veneer, and lumber. What's up nature addict! Cottonwood trees are found in South West, Central, and Eastern states in the U.S. Other parts where these trees bloom include the Southern parts of Canada and Mexico. owen's valley's awesome autumn (pg) - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Cottonwood Facts. Cottonwood trees grow throughout the south-west and into the Rocky Mountains. The Eastern Cottonwood is the state tree for Kansas and Nebraska. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. Begin by removing all the branches from the lower one-third of the tree. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) — grows in eastern U.S. and southern Canada. Its rapid growth soon puts the branches out of reach. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Gray ex Hook.) Not only are they tall, but their crown spreads very wide. The tree is prone to disease, and dirty tools can introduce bacteria, fungal spores and insect eggs into the pruning wound. Many of the cottonwoods grown commercially are the hybrid of eastern cottonwood and black poplar, Populus × canadensis (hybrid black poplar or Carolina poplar). Cottonwood Trees have are emerald green tear drop shaped leaves. Three that can be found in the Rockies include Black Cottonwood, Narrowleaf Cottonwood, and the Plains Cottonwood. Not only are they tall, but their crown spreads very wide. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. It can grow to 150’ (50m) or more and can live 200-300 years. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves.A hybrid between this and Eurasian black poplar (P. nigra) is P. canadensis. The bark provided forage for horses and a bitter, medicinal tea for their owners. leaves are heart shaped with wavy-toothed edges, 2017 Holiday Gift Guides For Young Outdoor Enthusiasts. Personally, I find that certain kinds of trees have a special kind of majesty. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has … The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. 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