The Gå–På (literally "Go-On") method was based on shock tactics and was the standard combat technique used in the Swedish army at the time. Note that the ranks switched as they marched, there was no reloading during the aproach. Religion played a significant role in maintaining discipline and keeping morale high among the Caroleans. [citation needed]. For example, the dragoons of Bohuslän had green coats, and the regiment of Närke-Värmland had red cuffs. Instead, they would follow in the gaps within the front ranks. On occasion, two-handed spiked clubs were used during sieges. It refers to how the standard cavalry formation was to be maintained. First employed during the Great Northern War, they were distinctive in that they employed shock tactics at a time when most armies used far simpler and less energetic maneuvers in formation. Caroleans (Swedish: karoliner) were soldiers of the Swedish kings Charles XI and Charles XII. Grenadiers were often on the flanks of the musketeers—on the left and right of each battalion—to protect against enemy cavalry and to toss grenades to break enemy formations (there being one grenadier for ten musketeers). After a long march into the Russian interior—where the Carolean army was exposed to scorched earth tactics and frequent small raids—the exhausted and hungry Caroleans were decisively defeated by the Russians at the Battle of Poltava. In addition, artillery had also made considerable strides in performance. The line was about 130 meters wide, which means each soldier filled ~87cm - this is quite a tight formation. [8] The squadron was the tactical unit of the cavalry and consisted of two companies of 100 men each. The Carolean is a Swedish unique unit in the Civilization games. The Carolean soldiers were effective soldiers, as shown by the their efforts in the Great Northern War, with battles such as N… The Gå–På method took this into account. To compensate for the lack of manpower and resources Sweden strove for innovative ways to make an effective army. These pikemen often were in the middle of e… Delivery is available at an extra charge. CarboLean is a combination of dextrose, maltodextrin and waxy maize from corn grown in the United States. Regimental cannons would keep pace with infantry and protect them against enemy attacks as they reloaded. Directly after the final volley, the Caroleans charged the enemy ranks with pikes, bayonets, and rapiers. Carolean definition, characteristic of the time of Charles I and II of England: a Carolean costume. Early 20th Century Carolean style oak occasional chair, with cane work seat and back panel on turned & block supports Dimensions: 47cm wide x 42cm deep x 44cm seat height x 127cm high at the back Most of the infantry were musketeers equipped with modern flintlock muskets—with bags for ammunition—although older versions were still in use, as well as rapiers. The cavalry charged in a very right plow formation, If you were to the left of the center, you placed your right knee in the left popliteus of the man to the right of you and the other way around if you were to the right of the center. Looting, previously a part of the soldiers' everyday activities, was forbidden; however, it occasionally occurred. The battalion was the smallest tactical unit of the Swedish army and consisted of four companies of 150 men each. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary [citation needed] To boost morale, men from the same region or province of the kingdom were kept together and fought beside each other. The Carolean army is regarded as one of the most effective military forces of their time. The Caroleans were a new class of soldiers created by the military reforms of Sweden's kings Charles XI and XII. In some situations, infantry squares were used for protection against flanking cavalry attacks. The tactics of Caroleans differed from those of Western European soldiers in their greater reliance upon pikes, rapiers, bayonets, and offensive strategy, which helped them to be victorious, even when greatly outnumbered, in many important Swedish battles. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, in order to compensate for its lack of manpower and resources, Sweden strove for innovative ways to make a more effective army. If necessary, the infantry could fall back using alternating firing and movement. As a result, the battalion attacked in two closely formed ranks, which made the final charge more effective, as the Carolean troops would be closely packed together, making a heavier impact than before. Other articles where Carolean style is discussed: Stuart style: …stylistic movements, such as Jacobean, Carolean, Restoration, William and Mary, and Queen Anne, there are certain common characteristics that can be said to describe Stuart style. Was these tactics useful against a fortified army? Despite the inferior numbers, their line was impenetrable. Soldiers were told not to be afraid of battle or to be fearful on the field; since if God meant for them to die, death would happen regardless of whether they dodged bullets or not. This method was slightly changed during the Great Northern War. The two rear ranks would then move back to their previous position, and the two foremost ranks would close the gaps in their lines, after which the battalion would resume their attack. [4][5] About one-third of the men were pikemen, equipped with swords and 5.55-metre-long (18.2 ft) pikes. Derivation: Charles (son of James I who was King of England and Scotland and Ireland; was deposed and executed by Oliver … Strict discipline was necessary for the Carolean army to be able to use its highly offensive tactics. Close coordination between infantry, cavalry, and sometimes artillery was needed to break down enemy defenses successfully. Prior to battle, the men were usually formed into four ranks (four men deep), however, a battalion could also be späckad (i.e. The Caroleans won several battles: Often, complete ranks of enemies fled before physical contact was made, frightened by the long pikes and the fact that the Swedish battalions had previously calmly withstood their fire.[15]. The successful path of innovative military ideas was in fact the only way Sweden managed to achieve a great power status. The Carolean unit in Civ V is a unique unit of Sweden. This very aggressive tactic often resulted in short-lived successful battles against superior numbers of the enemy. "Mitt pÃ¥ knä" means "in the middle of the knee". How unique is the name Carolean? To avoid being flanked, be sure to line up your infantry units in a strong line formation with their sides touching for protection and so that the enemy is unable to reach around behind. A squadron of cavalry, normally around 125 horsed men, would make up one such plow formation. The Swedish heavy cavalryman was equipped with a rapier almost one metre long (primarily for thrusting and secondarily for slashing), a carbine, two pistols, and a cuirass. [citation needed] To take God's name in vain was among the worst crimes a Carolean soldier could commit,[citation needed] and the punishment for this was death, because it was vital to keep morale high among the troops, and the Christian religion was used as a way to do this. The army had stringent rules to attain this discipline, many of which constrained a soldier's private life. Swedish Carolean: The disciplined soldiers of Charles XII who stood faithfully by his side up until the dying days of the Swedish Empire. The standard Carolean infantry formation was a battalion which consisted of about 600 men, plus officers, banner bearers, grenadiers and musicians. The Carolingian line began first with two important rival Frankish families, the Pippinids and Arnulfings whose destinies became intermingled in the early 7th century. You are a unique individual. Infantry formations would meet and fire at each other until one side wavered or was broken up, upon which a bayonet charge by the victorious side could take place. Members of the elite Drabant Garde cavalry—the only armored troops—wore steel breastplates. [11] Unlike other regular armies in Europe, the Swedish cavalry made up fully one-half of the fighting force. Specialties: Specializing in Bedding, Window Treatments and Draperies, Unique Furniture Pieces, Shower Curtains, Placemats & Table Linens, Decorative Area Rugs, Throw Pillows, Oversized Bedding, Framed Artwork, Lamps & Accessories, Layaways… Reloading in the Napoleonic Wars was a good bit faster than in the days of the Great Northern War. A soldier's daily ration was to consist of 625 grams (22.0 oz) of dry bread, 850 grams (30 oz) of butter or pork, 1⁄3 litre (0.59 imp pt; 0.70 US pt) of peas, and 2.5 litres (0.55 imp gal; 0.66 US gal) of beer. About one-third of each company were equipped with pikes. A line was thus, from left to right, 50 musketeers, 50 pikemen, 50 musketeers. [9][14] The trot conserved the energy of the horses for the final gallop, and only galloping the horses when within close range meant they wouldn't tire as quickly during the rest of the battle. The application of canister shot to an advancing enemy line would have been a devastating blow. This also reminded soldiers that they had God's protection and assistance in battle, a notion originating when Sweden fought in the Thirty Years War as the continental leader of Protestantism. Their tactical innovations they were highly effective against their numerous enemies. 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