Coming in a huge range of shapes, colors, and sizes, perennial geraniums make beautiful garden plants. Many dedicated gardeners over-winter their geranium plants indoors for replanting in the spring. These flowering plants can be grown outdoors in containers or flower beds or indoors all year round. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. Indoors, geraniums need lots of light for blooming but will tolerate moderate light conditions. In addition to watering, which should be done deeply and once the soil begins to feel dry indoors or at least weekly outdoors (though potted plants may need daily watering in hot weather), fertilizing is usually necessary. Garden geraniums are considered annuals throughout all but the warmest areas of North America. The drainage holes in indoor containers helps to keep moisture regulated. Thomas Jefferson’s first geranium cuttings soon multiplied to generations of gardeners as they were passed to friends and family. Few plants offer as many options as geraniums. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. The four most popular varieties of geraniums are: If you’re looking to plant an authentic hardy geranium from the Geraniaceae family, you have plenty of options. And although they provide big color in pots, … In spring, gradually move them back outdoors after the last frost. Types of Annual Geraniums. Get in the zone with zonal geraniums. Potted geraniums can simply be moved indoors during the winter. Water well. How much water do geraniums need? Even better is the fact that learning how to keep geraniums … Some of the more popular hardy geraniums make excellent ground cover. While true geraniums are frost-hardy perennials generally planted in flower beds, geraniums (Pelargonium spp.) As mentioned, geraniums thrive indoors, and can actually grow all year round as beautiful houseplants. Geranium care. Geranium care in pots is very similar to that of garden care. When watering outdoor plants, it’s best to avoid overhead irrigation, as this can lead to pests or disease issues. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! It’s going to require simply watching your plants. Geranium care outdoors and geranium care indoors are very similar. This plant is a cross between Geranium wallichianum 'Buxtons Variety' and a … They can be cut back right to the ground after their first flush of flowers and will produce fresh foliage and more flowers in the same summer. The drainage holes in indoor containers helps to keep moisture regulated. Growing geraniums outdoors requires a bit more attention to soil drainage and moisture levels. Garden geraniums, also known as annual geraniums, are actually from the genus Pelargonium. Jul 22, 2019 - How to grow annual geraniums (pelargoniums) including watering, pruning and cuttings for new plants. You can use a pair of shears—or simply use your hands. The geranium is an iconic, fragrant garden flower. Indoor Geranium Plant Care. Zonal geraniums—the flower that comes to mind when you hear the word “geranium”—have spherical flower heads. One good tip for growing them in a better way is to keep them somewhere where they receive sunlight daily. Regular deadheading of spent blooms will also help encourage additional blooming. Most annual geraniums or pelargoniums thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 1 to 8. Most geraniums grow easily from stem cuttings in vermiculite or sterile soil. Flowers are borne in large, showy clusters and may be single or double. They will tolerate moderate light conditions but may not bloom as profusely. Hardy geraniums on the other hand, can survive winters to -20 and more. While you may not be able to dig your spade into the soil just yet, there is plenty, Design a Beautiful Drought Resistant Yard. You can easily grow geraniums in pots and move them between the inside and outside of your home, particularly useful if you live in an area with harsh winters. Hot weather and drought-like conditions don’t mean a beautiful yard and garden is out of reach. Indoor plants require lots of light to encourage flowering. Cut them off at the base of their stem. Mulching the plants is also recommended to help retain moisture. Use a water-soluble houseplant fertilizer or a 5-10-5 fertilizer with additional organic matter every four to six weeks throughout their active growing season. Most areas of the United States can grow geraniums as an annual. The term zonal geranium refers to the plant known in botanical circles as Pelargonium x hortorum, a cousin to perennial geraniums, like Geranium Rozanne. Fertilizer. The true name of annual geraniums is pelargonium. Locate your geraniums in an area with at least six to eight hours of sunlight. Geraniums are beneficial companion plants. During the growing season fertilize every month using half strength all purpose liquid fertilizer for optimum growth. Annual geraniums are members of the Pelargonium family. If keeping geraniums as houseplants, be sure to bring them indoors in late summer or early fall, when nighttime temperatures start to regularly dip below 55°F (13°C). Hang baskets where they’re sheltered from the wind and receive plenty of sunlight. Indoor or potted plants may require repotting once they become overgrown, usually noted by wilting between waterings. All you need are a few simple geranium flower care tips. Designed with mobility in mind, they feature Gilmour’s innovative Swivel Connect. Bring them inside and place near a sunny window. Keep a check on any insects or disease that may attack the plant. Geranium care outdoors and geranium care indoors are very similar. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. Both require plenty of sunlight, careful watering and light levels of fertilization. If you’ve planted them in your garden or beds, be sure to bring them in before the first frost. These plants need to be grown in well-draining potting soil as well. You can take this time to propagate your plants by cutting them in half. Moving your plants to a cool space within the house should help with blooming. Geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum) are grown as annuals in most parts of the United States, but they are actually tender perennials.This means that with a little care, getting geraniums to last over winter is possible. They can also be dug up and brought inside. Bedding geraniums (pelargonium) are considered half-hardy annuals. This popular garden plant is hiding a secret – it isn’t a true geranium. Keep the Betterdays coming with gardening tips and exclusive offers. Fill the container with fresh, well-draining soil. Adding a layer of crocks or pebbles to the bottom of the container will help to improve drainage. The key to proper blooming in the spring involves exposing the plants to cool temperatures of around 55 degrees F while protecting them from cold nights and frosts. A true garden favorite, zonal geraniums are one of the most easily recognized annuals on the market—although most gardeners just call them geraniums. Those familiar annual "geraniums" common in deck planters and gravestone urns are actually Pelargonium x hortorum hybrids; they may also be called zonal geraniums. Please be advised that our Thorold, ON retail store will be closed until further notice. Whether indoors or out, geranium care is pretty basic. They can even be grown as perennials in extremely warm areas, such as the southern coastal areas of California. Sign up for our newsletter. To have a bushy, well-branched indoor geranium plant, remove the tips occasionally. Pinching and Pruning. Since these plants must be protected from cold, wait until the threat of frost has passed before planting. 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Geraniums care little for fancy fertilizers or specialized soils, and they require just a bit of basic care to thrive. How to Care for Geraniums Outdoors. There are over 300 species and varieties of perennial geraniums, so it's easy to find one to suit your needs. Perennial Geraniums vs. However, don't confuse them with annual geraniums, which aren't even related (those are actually in the genus Pelargonium). Ivy geraniums open blossoms in clusters, too, but it’s a looser form than the ball-type blooms on their zonal geranium cousins. Yes, it’s quite common to bring your potted geraniums inside for the Winter season. Geranium Care: The Ultimate Guide to Growing Geranium Flowers, Tips for Planting, Growing & Caring for Geraniums. That said, you can force them to be perennials by providing the plants with shelter for the winter. Good Geranium care is vital for long-lasting summer color of this popular bedding plant. Plants bloom during late spring, producing flowers in shades of red, white, purple and pink. Geraniums are perennials that require special care in the winter because they cannot survive hard frosts. Also, you can prune or cut the stems to get the desired shape. Only lasting for one growing season, annual geraniums are now placed in a closely related plant genus known as pelargonium. Some hardy geraniums offer attractive autumn foliage, so resist the urge to cut back too quickly after flowering. There is a great deal of variety in the Geranium genus, but most of the commonly grown species are low growing, dense, carpet-like plants with flower stalks that poke and weave through neighboring plants. As fall fades into winter and temperatures begin to drop, simply bring your pots inside to protect your pretty plants. For proper geranium plant care, avoid letting your geraniums to wilt. In addition to watering, which should be done deeply and once the soil begins to feel dry indoors or at least weekly outdoors (though potted plants may need daily watering in hot weather), fertilizing is usually necessary. Geranium plants root easily from cuttings and can be propagated in fall for overwintering of outdoor plants. You don’t need to be a master gardener to know how to grow geraniums. As mentioned, geraniums thrive indoors, and can actually grow all year round as beautiful houseplants. Geranium plants are grown as annuals in most zones, but are considered evergreen perennials in zones 10 and 11. This is a low-maintenance plant and will require little care. apart and around the same depth as their original planting pots. If you are planting into a bed or bor… The swivel allows the nozzles to pivot without, Winter Gardening Tips to Tackle in the Off Season, As winter marches on, avid gardeners become more and more eager to get growing. Ice Queen geranium was a top performer in our Trial Garden. … Each flower usually consists of white and a second color, depending on the variety. These plants love pots, and so they can be grown in small containers or hanging pots. You can dig them up and plant them into a pot. Ivy geraniums typically have blooms in the red-purple family, including shades of red, pink, white, burgundy, lavender and deep purple-black. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. They’re not targeted by rabbits, and slugs and snails will eat other plants in preference. Between these three hybrids, hundreds of cultivars are available. Pelargoniums, commonly known as annual geraniums, are usually grown as annuals, but they can be outwintered in warm climates. It is helpful to have a healthy plant that has been well-watered over time in order to make the stems easier to snap. Growing geraniums outdoors requires a bit more attention to soil drainage and moisture levels. Geraniums love sunlight, so find a spot that gets 5–6 hours of direct sun a day, preferably sheltered from afternoon sun. Clay soils are okay, but dig in plenty of compost, and mound the soil before planting to improve drainage. If we take care of time, the geranium … While it is possible to grow some types of geraniums from seed, for hundreds of years, stem cuttings have been the popular way to propagate geraniums. They also need indoor temps of around 65-70 degrees F. (18-21 C.) during the day and 55 degrees F. (13 C.) at night. Known as “over-wintering,” this process involves digging up garden perennials and moving them into a cool, yet sheltered environment for the winter. Whether indoors or out, geranium care is pretty basic. Follow these easy steps and you should have a beautiful plant. During the warmer months of the year (between your local frost dates), they can be kept outdoors in a sunny location. Cycles of wilting and revival will result in poor flower production and the dropping of leaves. Both require plenty of sunlight, careful watering and light levels of fertilization. Flower colors include red, burgundy, lavender, pink, salmon, orange, white, and bicolor. Maverick Violet Geranium. Geraniums may be grown as houseplants or as annual flowers. However, they do require cool temperatures in the spring to begin setting buds. Originating in South Africa, the garden geranium made its way to North America from France in 1786. Most are perennials in Zones 3 to 8, and the majority feature strong rhizomes that spread easily. Multibloom, Cameo and Maverick all perform well from seed. Do you have small nooks and crannies to fill? Annual Geraniums. And if your geraniums are planted in a garden bed? From the moment you pick it up, you’ll notice these nozzles are different. Geraniums also grow well in pots filled with premium potting mix. Don't water overhead, because it will make the plant more prone to disease. Geraniums are not fickle at all – with a few simple steps, you can help them survive the winter so you can enjoy them year-round. Common garden or zonal geraniums (Geranium x hortulanum) are widely sold as bedding or container plants. The most common of the annual variety, zonal geraniums, is the most recognizable geranium; it gets its name from the broad band of darker coloring on leaves. It usually goes by the name of cranesbills. Botanically, they are called P… Geraniums fill hanging baskets, containers and flower beds with fancy leaves that are as attractive as the clusters of dainty blooms they surround. 1-800-396-9238 Retail Location Closure. The drainage holes in indoor containers helps to keep moisture regulated. New seed-grown cultivars allow for the starting of new plants indoors. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Sow geranium seeds indoors in mid-January in a warm, sunny spot. These hybrids were once classified under the Geranium genus and despite their reclassification to Pelargonium in the 1700s, common vernacular never adopted the new nomenclature. When placed in a sunny window, geraniums will thrive as a houseplant even in the coldest months. Depending on where or how you grow geranium plants, their needs will be somewhat different. Prune the plants back by approximately one-third. Geranium is the common name of the genus Pelargonium members, but it is confusing. At night it shouldn’t drop below 55 °F. Perennial geraniums are a far cry from the annual variety many gardeners are familiar with. Hardy geraniums need very little care. Many have distinct, dark markings or bands (sometimes called zones) on their leaves. With full mounds of colorful flowers, geranium hanging baskets are an excellent choice. The geranium is a truly versatile plant. The flowers float on top … Pelargonium of many species are popular choices for their colorful flower clusters, attractive foliage and ease of care over a very long flowering period. Here are some gardening tips on how to care for Geraniums so that they will flower all summer long. Growing geraniums from seed requires a head start. The temperature should average 65-70 °F during the day. With over 300 species, they’re available in a wide range of bloom color and types, foliage and even scent. In our guide to growing garden geraniums, we discuss all you need to know to grow your own plants as perennials in … True geraniums, commonly known as cranesbill, are actually cold … American growers first fell in love with the geranium flower over 200 years ago, and it’s not hard to see why. Gently dig them up and pot them in 8 inch pots using a lightweight potting soil. 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