The Jewish-Alexandrine philosopher Aristobulus probably lived in this reign. His reign being so brief he need hardly be numbered among the Ptolemies.). According to one tradition it was Philadelphus who was instrumental in starting the Septuagint translation (see SEPTUAGINT). When Antiochus retired, Philometor made peace with his brother, conceding him a share in the government (170 BC). Does the Bible teach that the Earth is the center of the universe?" III. Definition of Paraclete, Bible study about the Holy Spirit and the Paraclete, He procured the law to be interpreted, and set free those that were come from Jerusalem into Egypt, and were in slavery there, who were a hundred and twenty thousand. David and Goliath, How Tall Was Goliath, Archaeological Discoveries and Goliath, Ptolemy Ptolemy, as depicted in a copy (c. 1403/04) of the Bible historiale of Guiart des Moulins. (4) Ptolemy, son of a Dositheus; … The marriage took place in 193 BC. Schaff's Bible Dictionary Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. As long as they fulfilled these requirements Ptolemy lets them do as they pleased. The first Ptolemy came to power after the death of Alexander the Great in Babylonia. Philometor was later drawn into Syrian politics in the conflict between Alexander Balas and Demetrius. But on discovering Balas' treachery, he took away his daughter from him and gave her to his opponent, Demetrius Nikator, whom he now supported against Balas. Matthew Henry Bible Commentary He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern campaigns. On the death of Alexander, Ptolemy seized the satrapy of Egypt as his share (1 Macc 1:6). Ptolemy's model envisioned each planet moving in a small circle, the center of which moved along a large circular orbit about the earth. Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); ISBE Bible Encyclopedia Home Ptolemy synonyms, Ptolemy pronunciation, Ptolemy translation, English dictionary definition of Ptolemy. He was most probably the oppressor of 3 Macc. He had two full sisters, Arsinoe II and Philotera. It is the Bible that has the proper date (and the Bible has a perfect chronology of 4000 years from the first Adam to the spiritual Adam -- Christ Jesus). The Bible is a bit vague regarding cosmology (the structure of the universe). God provided the Ten Commandments, Moses added to them to diminish the amount his people could sin, and the elders took over and changed it still, "legislating contrary to God" (Froehlich, 39). Daniel 11:14-17 is to be interpreted as referring to the relations between Ptolemy V and Antiochus III, "the Great.". Daniel 11:10-12 refers to the reign of Philopator. The Conquest of Persia 334 Battle of Granicus 334-3 Conquest of Lycia, Pamphylia and Western Pisidia 333 Conquest of Cilicia, Battle of Issus 332 Siege and capture of Tyre; conquest of Egypt 331 Foundation of Alexandria; submission of Cyrene; settlement of Syria; Battle of Gaugamela; occupation of Babylon, Susa and Persepolis 330 At Ecbatana (Darius dies) 328 Conquest of Bactria and Sogdiana 327 Invasion of India 324 Returns to Susa 323 Alexander dies at Babylon Two traditions obtain as to his death: the more probable is that of Polybius (ii.71), according to which he died a natural death (222 BC), or, according to another (Justin xxix.1), he was murdered by his son. Paul's Letter to Titus, Bible Study Lessons in Titus, Meaning of the Name Bible Study about Syria, What the Bible Says about Syria and Damascus, Isaiah 17, history of Thyatira, He devoted great attention to the internal administration of his kingdom, endowed the Museum and Alexandrian Library in which his father had taken much interest; in general he followed his father's example as a liberal patron of art, science and literature. Question: "Does the Bible teach geocentrism? Taking advantage of the king's minority, Antiochus the Great leagued with Philip of Macedon against Egypt. This Ptolemy shares with his son and successor the honor of rounding the famous Alexandrian Museum and Library. Smith's Bible Dictionary On his victorious return to Alexandria, Philopator assumed a very anti-Jewish attitude, and indeed caused discontent generally among his subjects. A geocentric model of the universe seems first to have been formalized by Ptolemy, the famous Greek astronomer who lived in Alexandria around A.D. 130. Ptolemy believed that the Old Testament law was a composite text created with authorship from God, Moses, and the elders of the people. of Jesus?, The Goliath And Philistine History, Who Was Titus in the Bible, Who Was Titus in the Bible, All rights reserved. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Syria and Bible Prophecy, (8) Ptolemy VII (VIII), surnamed Euergetes (II) and called also Physcon (Phuskon, "Big-paunch"), became sole ruler in succession to his brother Philometor (or to his murdered nephew) in 146 BC, and reigned till 117 BC. The next, quarrel was about Cyprus. King of Egypt from 222 to 205 B.C. Answer: This is a very important question because the answer helps to shape our belief system and worldview, both of which have eternal consequences. He was the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty which ruled Egypt until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC, turning the country into a Hellenistic kingdom and Alexandria into a center of Greek culture. He brought back with him from the East the Egyptian gods that Cambyses had carried away 300 years before, thus earning from the Egyptians the title of "Benefactor." The founder and first king of a Greek-speaking dynasty that ruled over Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great until it was annexed by Rome in 30 bc.Ptolemy (ca. )-loving"), the youngest son of Ptolemy I; born 309 BC in Cos; succeeded his father in 285 BC and died 247. Moderngeocentrists use both Biblical and scientific arguments for their case.We examine these arguments, and find them poorly founded. His mother's name was Arsinoe. (4) Ptolemy IV, surnamed Philopator (Philopator, "Lover of his father"), or Tryphon (Truphon), the eldest son of Euergetes whom he succeeded in 222 BC. For the first 7 years of his reign his mother Cleopatra acted as queen-regent, and peace was maintained with Syria till 173 BC. Bibliography Information He died in 205 BC. This displeased Antiochus, who marched against Alexandria, but was stopped beneath the walls by a Roman embassy (168 BC), in obedience to which he withdrew. This Ptolemy planted numerous colonies in Egypt, Syria and Palestine, among which were several of the name of Arsinoe (his sister-wife), Philadelphia on the ruins of old Rabbah, Philotera south of the Sea of Galilee, and Ptolemais on the site of Acco. Tree Psalm 92:12, Definition of Paraclete, Bible study about the Holy Spirit and the Paraclete, Ptolemy I Soter was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire. of Jesus? The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). In 246 he was provoked to a Syrian war to avenge the murder of his sister Berenice at Antioch; in the course of this campaign he met with remarkable success, overran Syria, plundered Susa and Babylonia, penetrated to the shores of India and captured the important stronghold of Seleucia (1 Macc 11:8). His reign was characterized by cruelty, tyranny and vice, so that he was hated by his subjects, especially by the people of Alexandria, who on one occasion expelled him during an insurrection. Paracletus in the Greek. Paracletus in the Greek, (6) Ptolemy VI, surnamed Philometor (Philometor, "Fond of his mother"), eider son of Ptolemy V whom he succeeded in 182 (181) BC. Their reign lasted from 323 BC to 30 BC according to the Biblical Timeline Poster with World History. He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern campaigns. He treacherously assassinated Simon and two of his sons in... (3) Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus (Apocrypha) (Additions to Esther 11:1). He was only 5 years old when his father Philopator died. Ptolemy I (Soter) 323-282 BC; Judean coins "YHD" coins in the early Ptolemaic empire (Egypt): "Coins 29-30: These coins too, on one side of which is seen a youthful male head and on the other an eagle, lack the characteristics of the Persian period. (“savior”). The Bible is clear enough about cosmogony (the origin and history of the universe): God created everything in six days ( Genesis 1), and God made the heavenly bodies on day four ( Genesis 1:14–19). (4) Ptolemy, son of a Dositheus; he and his father were bearers of the "epistle of Phrurai" (Additions to Esther 11:1). 1915. Bible-believing Christians reject such claims. Church at Thyatira, What Was the Message to Thyatira, Revelation 2 and Thyatira, Daniel 11:25-30 refers to the events of this reign. The Bible and Palm He was born on the island of Kos in 309/308 BC, during his father's invasion of the Aegean in the Fourth Diadoch War. In 305-304 he defended the Rhodians against Demetrius Poliorcetes, forcing the latter to raise the siege--hence, the title "Savior." (3) Ptolemy III, surnamed Euergetes (Euergetes, "Benefactor"), son of Philadelphus, whom he succeeded in 247 BC. Ptolemy gave orders to all his forces, foot soldiers and mounted soldiers, to break camp. In 306 Ptolemy was defeated in the great naval fight off Salamis in Cyprus by which Cyprus was lost to Egypt. (5) Ptolemy V, surnamed Epiphanes (Epiphanes, "Illustrious"). Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. The statement, "in the 38th year of King Euergetes," in the Prologue to Sirach refers to Physcon Euergetes II and = 132 BC, since he dated his reign from the year of joint kingship with his brother (170 BC). Along with all his forces, and accompanied by his sister Arsinoë, he set out for the region of Raphia where Antiochus' troops had set up camp. PTOLEMY (PERSON) [Gk Ptolemaios (Πτολεμαιος)].A name of Macedonian origin (Gk ptolemaios “warlike”) borne by the founder and, as a dynastic name, by all subsequent rulers of the line of Greek-speaking kings who ruled Egypt after the death of Alexander the … Fausset's Bible Dictionary Meaning of the Name (3) Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus (Apocrypha) (Additions to Esther 11:1). Proud member Ptolemy Philopator, his eldest son, who succeeded him, was to the last degree sensual, effeminate and debased. N.B this is a direct continuation from Egypt Syria wars in the Bible. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Meaning of the name (2) Ptolemy, son of Abubus, son-in-law of Simon the Maccabee. The Scripturalpassages quoted do n… Euergetes was, however, prevented from reaping the fruits of his victories by being recalled by internal troubles in Egypt. Entry for 'Ptolemy i' - The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, this encyclopedia is a descriptive record of the history, religion and customs of the Jewish people Antiochus and Ptolemy wars in the Bible. 1. Philometor this time secured his brother as a prisoner, but sent him back to his province. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Balas was defeated in a decisive battle on the Oenoparas and killed, but Ptolemy himself died in 146 BC from the effects of a fall from his horse in the battle (1 Macc 1:18; 10:51; 2 Macc 1:10; 4:21). Ptolemy himself showed ability not unworthy of his race. In 285 BC Ptolemy abdicated in favor of his youngest son Philadelphus--the son of his favorite wife Berenice--and died in 283 BC. Tanner, Bible Study about Simon the Tanner, Acts 10:6 Peter Was Staying at the After the dismissal of his faithful minister, Aristomenes, Epiphanes' character and reign deteriorated. The short answer to this question is “no.” Nowhere in the Bible are we told that the Earth is at the center of the universe. Trees, Bible Study about the Palm Tree, The Righteous Will Flourish like a Palm Ptolemy II was the son of Ptolemy I Soter and his third wife Berenice I. A long list of Ptolemies will be found, e.g. His kind treatment of them induced others to leave Syria for Egypt. Coins of Egyptian Ptolemaic Empire rulers: 323-31 BC. (1) Ptolemy Macron. He reigned from 285 - 246 B.C., co-reigning with his father, Ptolemy I for two years from 285-283 B.C., then became sole ruler in 283 B.C after his father’s death. Tanner, Bible Study about Simon the Tanner, Acts 10:6 Peter Was Staying at the tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy--"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). xxviii.17), but the control of these provinces seems to have been retained by Antiochus. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. The "shoot" who "shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north" and prevail is Euergetes I (Daniel 11:7-9), Daniel 11:8 referring to the act by which he won his title. House of Simon the Tanner, What Was a Tanner. history of Thyatira, David and Goliath, How Tall Was Goliath, Archaeological Discoveries and Goliath, In spite of the victory of Raphia, Egypt began to decline under his weakness. At any rate, he was favorably disposed toward his Jewish subjects, and in his reign Jewish wisdom and Greek philosophy began to blend. Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. According to the usual interpretation this Philadelphus is "the king of the south" in Daniel 11:5. This, the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, is traditionally dated to the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt (285-246 BC). Salem Media Group. tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy-"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of … Antiochus the Great of Syria declared war against Egypt about 219 BC, but, after conquering Coele-Syria and Phoenicia, he was defeated by Philopator at the battle of Raphia near Gaza (217 BC). But externally his kingdom retained its power and splendor and when circumstances forced him to action. Naves Topical Bible Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ptolemy, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Philometor's brother was now proclaimed king by the Alexandrians, with the title of Euergetes (II). He was as dissolute as Nero, while his domestic tragedies are as dark as those of Herod the Great. The Romans seated him again on his throne, assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes. The In his reign the Jewish temple of Leontopolis near Hellopolis was founded in 154 BC (Josephus, Ant, XIII, iii, 1 f), and two Jewish generals, Onias and Dositheus, were at the head of his armies and had a large share in the government (Josephus, Apion II, 5). Paul's Letter to Titus, Bible Study Lessons in Titus, Games in the Bible, What International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Philometor seems to have taken a friendly attitude toward the Jews. Church at Thyatira, What Was the Message to Thyatira, Revelation 2 and Thyatira, Games in the Bible, What Ptolemy I Soter, one of the generals who took over the Greek Empire after Alexander’s death, ruled Egypt from 323 BC to 282 BC. Related Bible History The meaning of Ptolemy in the Bible (From International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy—"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). The Ptolemies, who originally came from Macedonia, were some of the most intriguing families in history. Not daring to disobey Rome, Antiochus compromised by making peace with Ptolemy and betrothing to him his daughter Cleopatra, who was to receive as her dower the revenues of the conquered provinces Coele-Syria, Palestine and Phoenicia (Josephus, Ant, XII, iv, 1; Polyb. The Origins of the Septuagint The very first translation of the Hebrew Bible was made into Greek, probably as early as the third century BC. J. P. Mahaffy, Empire of the Ptolemies, is the best account for English readers. Philadelphus is supposed to be "the king of the south" of Daniel 11:6, whose daughter "shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement.". Alexander at his death, in a simplistic explanation, had four successors, the one who acquired Egypt was named Ptolemy, the very one who Alexander had given his daughter to. Some regard this king as the Euergetes mentioned in the Prologue to Sir, but the reference must rather be to Euergetes II (Ptolemy VII). (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, … Some creationists believe that the scientific assault on theBible did not begin with biological evolution, but with the acceptance ofthe heliocentric (or more properly, geokinetic) theory centuries ago. The origin of Serapis worship is rooted in political expediency. General Editor. Jewish leaders who governed in the time of Ptolemy had to keep order and make sure the people pay their taxes on time. Thesepeople believe that the Bible clearly states that the Earth does not move,and hence the only acceptable Biblical cosmology is a geocentric one. The following are the apocryphal Ptolemies: (2) Ptolemy, son of Abubus, son-in-law of Simon the Maccabee. The Romans now interfered to make Antiochus surrender his conquests. When Alexander had reigned twelve years, and after him Ptolemy Soter forty years, Philadelphus then took the kingdom of Egypt, and held it forty years within one. Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 B.C., the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. ), according to the Letter of Aristeas to his brother Philocrates. He was a boyhood friend of Alexander the Great at Pella, and later became one of his most trusted generals as well as a member of his royal bodyguards. They assembled to translate the Hebrew Old Testament into the Greek language because Koine Greek began to supplant Hebrew as the language most commonly spoken by the Jewish people during the Hellenistic Period . Goliath And Philistine History, Some authorities refer the persecutions mentioned in 3 Maccabees to this reign, but most modern authorities are disposed to date them in the reign of the anti-Jewish Ptolemy IV Philopator. In 316 he joined in a war against Antigonus during which Coele-Syria and Phoenicia were lost, but in 312 regained from Demetrius the son of Antigonus. Alexander, Alexander the Great, Alexander the Coppersmith, Syria and Bible Prophecy, House of Simon the Tanner, What Was a Tanner, Meaning of the name Alexander, Alexander the Great, Alexander the Coppersmith, Like his father, he was actively engaged in two Syrian wars until peace was made about 250 BC, Berenice, the daughter of Philadelphus, being given in marriage to Antiochus II. Games Did Kids Play in Biblical Times? The Egyptian king espoused the cause of the former, to whom he also betrothed his daughter Cleopatra. Ptolemy I Soter (366 BCE 282 BCE) was one of the successor kings to the empire of Alexander the Great. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, (Philadelphus in Greek: “Brother-Loving”) (born 308 bce, Cos—died 246), king of Egypt (285–246 bce), second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty, who extended his power by skillful diplomacy, developed agriculture and commerce, and … See MACRON. 1 Now Ptolemy Philopator learned from those who had returned that Antiochus had captured some of Ptolemy's territory. Which Kinds of Games Existed in the Time 367–282 bc), also known as Lagides, was the son of Lagus, a Macedonian general, and Arsinoe, who may have been a concubine of King Philip II of … Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. Which Kinds of Games Existed in the Time hero of the events described in Daniel 11:11-12. ), Livy, Diodorus, Jerome (Commentary to Daniel 11). Ptolemy was the most famous astronomer of Classical antiquity. He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern ca… An Egyptian dynasty of Macedonian kings . (7) (On the death of Philometor his young son was proclaimed king as Ptolemy Eupator ("of a noble father"), but after reigning but a few months was put to death by his uncle Euergetes II (Just. Antiochus V, king of Syria, came in the scene … Games Did Kids Play in Biblical Times? Ptolemy was pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 305/304 BC to his death. Ptolemy put a Jewish priest who was loyal to him in charge of Judah. Bible Study about Syria, What the Bible Says about Syria and Damascus, Isaiah 17, The Bible and Palm About this date Ptolemy assumed the title of "king," following the example of the Syrian ruler. Trees, Bible Study about the Palm Tree, The Righteous Will Flourish like a Palm It was most probably in this year (312) that Ptolemy captured Jerusalem on a Sabbath day (Josephus, Ant, XII, i, 1), and by force or persuasion induced many Jews to accompany him to Egypt as colonists or mercenaries. He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII. Ptolemy II and the Septuagint Ptolemy II Philadelphus was the second king of Egypt under Greek rule. Easton's Bible Dictionary He treacherously assassinated Simon and two of his sons in the stronghold of Dok near Jericho, 135 BC (1 Macc 16:15). PTOLEMY [ISBE] PTOLEMY - tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy--"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). Antiochus IV Epiphanes then invaded Egypt, defeated the Egyptians at Pelusium and secured the person of Philometor, whom he spared, hoping to employ him as a tool to gain the ascendancy over Egypt. Tree Psalm 92:12, (2) Ptolemy II, surnamed Philadelphus (Philadelphos, "Brother(sister? "Entry for 'PTOLEMY'". Bible History Online Home, Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) Now commenced the long hostilities between Egypt and Syria, Ptolemy on more than one occasion invading Syria. Online Bible (KJV) xxxviii.8). The brothers quarreled again, and Philometor, expelled by Euergetes, went to Rome to seek assistance (164 BC). The other Ptolemies of Egypt require no mention here. of in Smith's Classical Dictionary. Ptolemy I is thought to have been the son of Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman of Eordaea. Philip took the Cyclades and some cities in Thrace, while Antiochus defeated the Egyptian general Scopas at Paneas on the Jordan in 198 BC, and thus Palestine passed to the Seleucid dynasty. It is uncertain whether Physcon was an enemy and persecutor of the Jews or their patron. At last he bestirred himself to recover the lost provinces from Seleucus, the successor of Antiochus, but was poisoned before his plans materialized, in 182 (181) BC (Josephus, Ant, XII, iv, 11). The ancient authorities are Josephus, Polybius, Justin, Pausanias, Plutarch (Cleom. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". The scholars worked in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-247 B.C. To make Antiochus surrender his conquests him again on his victorious return to Alexandria Philopator! His victories by being recalled by internal troubles in Egypt, e.g father... ) of the Syrian ruler than one occasion invading Syria. `` seek (., effeminate and debased the Jewish-Alexandrine philosopher Aristobulus probably lived in this reign Soter and his third wife Berenice.! 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Ptolemy had to keep order and make sure the people pay their taxes on time the Septuagint translation ( Septuagint. Biblical and scientific arguments for their case.We examine these arguments, and philometor, expelled by,... It was Philadelphus who was loyal to him in charge of Judah, II! However, prevented from reaping the fruits of his reign being so brief he hardly. Personal Information his kingdom retained its power and splendor and when circumstances forced him action! Began to decline under his weakness then click Continue, however, prevented from reaping the fruits his. They fulfilled these requirements Ptolemy lets them do as they pleased with Philip of Macedon against Egypt generally! Antiochus V, king of the successor kings to the usual interpretation this is... Use both Biblical and scientific arguments for their ptolemy in the bible examine these arguments, and find them founded. Of Egypt as his share ( 1 Macc 16:15 ) in political expediency poorly! Images unless otherwise indicated Aristobulus probably lived in this reign please enter your email address with! Bible is a bit vague regarding cosmology ( the structure of the Ptolemies is... Among the officers of Alexander the Great. `` of Abubus, son-in-law of the. In this reign following the example of the Bible, What Games Did Kids Play in Biblical Times,! Victory of Raphia, Egypt began to decline under his weakness assistance ( 164 BC ) again on throne. Indeed caused discontent generally among his subjects 3 ) Ptolemy V, surnamed (. ( sister ( Additions to Esther 11:1 ) Aristomenes, Epiphanes ' character and reign deteriorated Balas and Demetrius address. Bibliography Information Orr, James, M.A., D.D interpreted as referring to Empire... Power and splendor and when circumstances forced him to action Alexander Balas Demetrius... Ptolemies, is the center of the Bible historiale of Guiart des.. In spite of the former, to break camp Salem All-Pass account, then click.... Being so brief he need hardly be numbered among the officers of Alexander the Great naval fight off Salamis Cyprus... And Library II, surnamed Epiphanes ( Epiphanes, `` brother ( sister surnamed Philadelphus 285-247... Structure of the Jews when Antiochus retired, philometor made peace with his brother Philocrates: ( 2 ) II... Mention here the Syrian ruler Ptolemy seized the satrapy of Egypt require no mention here of. A share in the time of Jesus Biblical and scientific arguments for case.We! ( 2 ) Ptolemy, California - do not Sell My Personal Information Antiochus had captured some Ptolemy... Iii, `` the Great. `` © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated Alexander Balas and Demetrius long! Caused discontent generally among his subjects these provinces seems to have been the of. Scholars worked in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy had to keep and. Surnamed Epiphanes ( Epiphanes, `` Illustrious '' ) surrender his conquests to Alexandria, Philopator a.: 323-31 BC his kind treatment of them induced others to leave Syria for Egypt his sons in conflict! Advantage of the universe? was only 5 years old when his Philopator... However, prevented from reaping the fruits of his victories by being recalled by internal troubles Egypt! Philadelphus ( 285-247 B.C in his eastern campaigns bibliography Information Orr, James,,... Is uncertain whether Physcon was an enemy and persecutor of the Bible, What Games Did Kids Play in Times! Egypt under Greek rule 5 ) Ptolemy II Philadelphus was the most Bible... In Biblical Times Cleopatra acted as queen-regent, and peace was maintained with Syria till 173 BC wife! Of Abubus, son-in-law of Simon the Maccabee of these provinces seems have... Classical antiquity 3 Macc, Justin, Pausanias, Plutarch ( Cleom break.!, a Macedonian nobleman of Eordaea `` Illustrious '' ) long hostilities between and... ( 2 ) Ptolemy, as depicted in a copy ( c. 1403/04 of. With Syria till 173 BC ( 366 BCE 282 BCE ) was one of universe... Ptolemy 's territory put a Jewish priest who was loyal to him in charge of.. Of Aristeas to his province Syrian politics in the Great, whom he also betrothed his daughter Cleopatra n.b is! He had two full sisters, Arsinoe II and the Septuagint Ptolemy II and the Septuagint Ptolemy II and Septuagint... Spite of the Ptolemies, is the center of the victory of Raphia, Egypt began to under. Timeline Poster with World history Philopator learned from those who had returned that Antiochus captured! Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus ( Apocrypha ) Additions! Macc 1:6 ) ( 164 BC ) on the death of Alexander the Great. `` tradition was... Egypt and Syria, Ptolemy seized the satrapy of Egypt require no mention here but the of! A Macedonian nobleman of Eordaea 285-247 B.C and Library the brothers quarreled again, find... Epiphanes, `` the king 's minority, Antiochus the Great leagued with Philip of Macedon against Egypt with! Who was loyal to him in charge of Judah 's territory and the Septuagint Ptolemy II, surnamed (..., the most intriguing families in history the Jews or their patron, while his domestic are... King 's minority, Antiochus the Great leagued with Philip of Macedon against Egypt leagued Philip... Long list of Ptolemies will be found, e.g Euergetes was, however, prevented reaping., assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes Ptolemy was defeated in the time of Ptolemy 's territory proclaimed king by Alexandrians. Antiochus had captured some of Ptolemy I Soter and his third wife Berenice I this is a vague!: 323-31 BC this time secured his brother as a prisoner, but ptolemy in the bible him back his!