The situation was difficult for Seleucus. The plot failed however, because when the correct day came, Seleucus' soldiers spontaneously started building the city. It is also said that Chandragupta was so much in love with her first wife Durdhara, that he did not marry for a very long time after her death. Antigonus sent most of his fleet to the Aegean Sea and his army to Asia Minor. Sibyrtius, satrap of Arachosia, saw the situation as hopeless and returned to his own province. Many of his soldiers certainly hated Antigonus. [8] During the subsequent Battle of the Hydaspes (326 BC), Seleucus led his troops against the elephants of King Porus. After Queen Apama died, Seleucus remarried, this time with the daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes of Syria. During the subsequent Battle of the Hyda… It is uncertain how Seleucus arranged the administration of the provinces he had conquered. [13], At Triparadisos the soldiers had become mutinous and were planning to murder their master Antipater. Perhaps Nicanor had not told him that Seleucus now had at least 20,000 soldiers. [9] Seleucus' Royal Hypaspistai were constantly under Alexander's eye and at his disposal. A great majority of his own troops were from these provinces. [3] In 294 BC Stratonice married her stepson Antiochus. Seleucus also transferred the mint of Babylon to his new city. Soon after Seleucus' return, the supporters of Antigonus tried to get Babylon back. He intended to leave Asia to Antiochus and content himself for the remainder of his days with the Macedonian kingdom in its old limits. No sources mention this, however. By the time of the Indian campaigns beginning in late in 327 BC, he had risen to the command of the élite infantry corps in the Macedonian army, the "Shield-bearers" (Hypaspistai), later known as the "Silvershields". However, according to History:-. The satraps in Susa had apparently accepted Eumenes' claims of his fighting on behalf of the lawful ruling family against the usurper Antigonus. Seleucus had a daughter by Stratonice, who was also called Phila. This battle is only mentioned in Stratagems in War by Polyaenus. Meanwhile, Eumenes and his army had arrived at Cilicia, but had to retreat when Antigonus reached the city. Eumenes had tried to use a similar propaganda trick. Seleucus ordered his forces to sleep and eat breakfast in battle formation. It was a political alliance in which Helena the daughter Seleukos Nikator and Macedonian Princess married Chandragupta Maurya, the Emperor of India(and Mauryan Empire). The god had left a ring with a picture of an anchor as a gift to Laodice. [32], Over the course of nine years (311–302 BC), while Antigonus was occupied in the west, Seleucus brought the whole eastern part of Alexander's empire as far as the Jaxartes and Indus Rivers under his authority. Cassander reclaimed Macedon the following year at Pydna and then had her killed. Lysimachus fell in battle. Posted by RS Team | Oct 27, 2016 | Interesting, Opinions | 0 |. It is possible that Antiochus was a member of an upper Macedonian noble family. Seleucus, thus, did not need to garrison the area to keep the locals from revolting. Lysimachus ruled Macedonia, Thracia and Asia Minor. Which is best smartphone in 6GB RAM category? Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(}} Bust of Seleucus I Nicator , Macedonian general after Alexander the Great and founder of the Seleucid dynasty. Singh), is left in charge by Alexander. Seleucus and Menelaos began to besiege Kition. Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander and Seleucus soon followed. The dagger entered my body a few inches below my heart. Seleucus was succeeded by his son Antiochus I as ruler of the Seleucid empire. [3], In 311 BC Antigonus made peace with Cassander, Lysimachus and Ptolemy, which gave him an opportunity to deal with Seleucus. He also did not know when Antigonus would begin his counterattack. [58], Lysimachus and Ptolemy had supported Seleucus against Demetrius, but after the latter's defeat the alliance started to break apart. He died about -282 in Syria. [21] He was, however, afraid of Antigonus and fled to Egypt with 50 horsemen. Seleucus I Nicator, also spelled Seleukos Nikator (“Conqueror”), (born c. 358 bce, Europus, Macedonia—died August/September 281, near Lysimachia, Thrace), Macedonian army officer who founded the Seleucid kingdom.In the struggles following the death of Alexander the Great, he rose from governor of Babylon to king of an empire centring on Syria and Iran. On the other hand, he was accepted by other satraps of the eastern provinces. Antigonus had devastated their lands while fighting Eumenes. Rising Star 2017 Judges, Hosts: Participate in live vot... Sabse Bada Kalakar: Sony TV’s Kids Talent Hunt sh... Chandra Nandini-Not so historical, Fictional character Nandini getting blamed for Durdhara’s Death. It seems that Antigonus conquered Babylon. She was Seleucus Nicator’s daughter whom Chandragupt Maurya had defeated in a war. Born: abt. However these ambitions were contested by Chandragupta Maurya, resulting in the Seleucid–Mauryan War (305–303 BC). It is said by Arrian that when Alexander crossed the Hydaspes river on a boat, he was accompanied by Perdiccas, Ptolemy I Soter, Lysimachus and also Seleucus. From Susa Antigonus went to Media, from where he could threaten the eastern provinces. Evagoras, the satrap of Aria, was allied with him. He finally had about 3,000 soldiers. Antigonus believed Seleucus was still ruling only Babylon. [18], Antigonus spent the winter of 316 BC in Media, whose ruler was once again Peithon. The two forces agreed to rest for the night and continue in the morning. Just like Peithon and Seleucus, Eumenes was one of the former supporters of Perdiccas. During Seleucus' escape to Egypt, Macedonia was undergoing great turmoil. It is most likely the sons are fictitious. [31], When Demetrius arrived in Babylon, Seleucus was somewhere in the east. ", Debated by Tarn, "The Greeks in Bactria and India", p. 100, Hindu Nationalism, A Reader, by Christopher Jeffrelot, Princeton University Press, 2007. The Last Moments of Seleucus Nicator. He sent two triremes and some smaller ships to stop the crossing. The news about the death of Evagoras spread among the soldiers, who started to surrender en masse. Chandragupta, however, followed Jainism until the end of his life.He got in his court for marriage the daughter of Seleucus Nicator, Helen, and thus, he mixed the Indians and the Greeks.His grandson Ashoka, as Woodcock and other scholars have suggested, "may in fact have been half or at least a quarter Greek.". Seleucus was only able to return to Babylon in 312 BC with the support of Ptolemy. Several anecdotes of Seleucus' life became popular in the classical world. In spring 334 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. [56], Seleucus may have founded a navy in the Persian Gulf and in the Indian Ocean. [citation needed]. In order to enlarge his army, Seleucus tried to attract colonists from mainland Greece by founding four new cities—Seleucia Pieria and Laodicea in Syria on the coast and Antioch on the Orontes and Apameia in the Orontes River valley. — Pliny, Natural History VI, 23[48]. Some of them also mention Seleucus in association with his son Antiochus as king, which would also imply a date as late as 293 BC. The region was ethnically diverse, consisting of Greek cities, a Persian aristocracy and indigenous peoples. The death of Peithon gave Seleucus an opportunity to return to Babylon.[26]. [10], Ancient sources mention Seleucus three times before the death of Alexander. He also had his friends accompanying him, perhaps the same 50 who escaped with him from Babylon. Poss. He opened the flood barriers of the river, but the resulting flood did not stop Eumenes. Seleucus, being Macedonian, had the ability to gain the trust of the Macedonians among his troops, which was not the case with Eumenes. Seleucus entered the Punjab, but after humiliating defeats in 302 BC, was forced to conclude a peace with Chandragupta, by which he ceded large districts of what is now Afghanistan, and his daughter Helen as a "hostage-concubine", to Chandragupta. Chinnappa, Kali N. Rathnam, C.S.D. During his invasion of Egypt, Perdiccas sent Docimus along with his detachments to Babylon. The new Seleucia was supposed to become his new naval base and a gateway to the Mediterranean. Seleucus punished one of Antigonus' officers without asking permission from Antigonus. The validity of this story is also questionable, as the Graeco-Egyptian Serapis had not been invented at the time. Thus, Docimus was not intending to give Babylon to Seleucus without a fight. Seleucus was a general in Alexander III the Great's army. Eumenes marched his army 300 stadions away from Babylon and tried to cross the Tigris. Evagoras fell in the beginning of the battle and Nicanor was cut off from his forces. His strength was in his war elephants and in traditional Persian cavalry. Only a few sources mention his activities in India. Perdiccas and his troops followed him to Egypt, whereupon Ptolemy conspired with the satrap of Media, Peithon, and the commander of the Argyraspides, Antigenes, both serving as officers under Perdiccas, and assassinated him. Even if he left half of his troops in the west, he would still have a numerical advantage over Seleucus. Chandragupta Maurya Waged a War against Selecus Nicator to Marry Devi Helena. Nicanor escaped with only a few men. The priest calculated the day, but, wanting the founding to fail, told Seleucus a different date. Perdiccas' power depended on his ability to hold Alexander's enormous empire together, and on whether he could force the satraps to obey him. [16], Peithon arrived at Babylon in the autumn or winter of 317 BC. Historian Junianus Justinus claims that Antiochus was one of Philip II of Macedon's generals, but no such general is mentioned in any other sources, and nothing is known of his supposed career under Philip. The city was built on the shore of the Tigris probably in 307 or 305 BC. 358 BC Died: 281 BC murdered. In theory, Polyperchon was still the lawful successor of Antipater and the official regent of the Macedonian kingdom. Eumenes and his army were north of Babylon; Antigonus was following him with an even larger army; Peithon was in Media and his opponents in Susiana. Was partitioned again ( the treaty of Triparadisus 321 BC, Seleucus also conquered other nearby areas, as... 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